Participant 14 – CEAM, Spain (WP5)

Institute description: Fundación CEAM, created in 1991, is a centre of applied research and technological innovation, partially funded by the Regional Government of Valencia. It is a multidisciplinary centre of recognized international expertise that includes research programs on Meteorology, Atmospheric Chemistry, Pollutants Dispersion, Pollutants Effects, Carbon Cycle, Forest Fires, and Forest Restoration. The Forest Research Group, led by Dr V.R. Vallejo, has a large experience in the analysis of ecosystem responses to fire and on ecological restoration of burned and degraded ecosystems. The main focus of the group's research is to develop techniques for restoration of Mediterranean ecosystems according to environmental conditions and site degradation. The group develops a Long-term Program on Restoration of Burned and Degraded Lands, which is carried out in close collaboration with the Regional Forest Service. CEAM and the Spanish Ministry of Environment have signed a Co-operation Agreement for the specific purpose of contributing RTD to combat desertification. The institution has recently been recognised as a Regional Training Centre for Annex IV (UNCCD).
Role in the project: WP5 leader, participating in WPs 1-2, 5-9.
Past experience: The Forest Restoration group has participated in a number of EU R&D projects related to land restoration and forest fires, such as REMECOS, DELFI, LUCIFER, REDMED, EUFIRELAB, CREOAK, GEORANGE, SPREAD, MEDRAP, REACTION, LIFE-ECOQUARRY, LUCINDA, and CIRCE.

Involved personnel

  • Dr V. Ramón Vallejo Restoration Ecologist. Specialized in soil science, analysis of ecosystem responses to fires, and restoration of burned and degraded ecosystems. Expertise in coordinating large international research projects.
  • Dr M. Jaime Baeza Fire Ecologist. Expertise in post-fire Mediterranean vegetation dynamics, ecology of high-fire-risk species, and the development of fuel-control techniques to reduce fire risk
  • Dr Ángeles G. Mayor Ecohydrologist. Specialized in the assessment of links between ecosystem structure and functioning in drylands (with particular focus on vegetation pattern), and the potential of indicators based on vegetation pattern for assessing desertification risk. Expertise in field measurements of plant, soil, and multiscale runoff and erosion. 
  • Dr. Alejandro Valdecantos Restoration Ecologist. Expertise in the management of plant-soil relationships, plant use of water and nutrient resources in drylands, organic refuse recycling in rangelands and restoration of burned areas.

V. Ramón Vallejo is Director of the Forest Research Program in CEAM since 1991. His research is focused on soil-plant relationships, especially in relation to forest fires, forest management, and land restoration, authoring more than 120 publications on these topics. He coordinates the regional R+D program on post-fire restoration in Valencia and is scientific advisor for the Spanish UNCCD Committee. Dr V. R. Vallejo has recently coordinated the EC REACTION project that built a Mediterranean database on evaluated restoration projects, and is currently coordinating the EU supported action PRACTICE aimed at developing an applying an integrated protocol to evaluate actions to combat desertification.


  • Bautista S., Aronson, J., Vallejo, V. R. (eds.), 2009. Land Restoration to Combat Desertification. Innovative Approaches, Quality Control and Project Evaluation. Fundación CEAM. 168 pp. ISBN: 978-84-921259-5-1.
  • Baeza, M. J., Vallejo, V. R., 2008. Vegetation recovery after fuel management in Mediterranean shrublands. Applied Vegetation Science 11, 151-158.
  • Röder, A., Hill, J., Duguy, B., Alloza, J.A., Vallejo, V.R., 2008. Using long time series of Landsat data to monitor fire events and post-fire dynamics and identify driving factors. A case study in the Ayora region (eastern Spain). Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 259-273.
  • Baeza, J., Valdecantos, A., Alloza, J.A., Vallejo, V.R., 2007. Human disturbance and environmental factors as drivers of long-term post-fire regeneration patterns in Mediterranean forests. J. Vegetation Sci., 18: 243-252.
  • Mayor A.G., Bautista S., Llovet, J., Bellot, J. 2007. Post-fire hydrological and erosional responses of a Mediterranean landscape: seven years of catchment-scale dynamics. Catena, 71: 68-75.
  • Cortina, J., Maestre, F.T., Vallejo, V.R., Baeza, M.J., Valdecantos, A., Pérez-Devesa, M., 2006. Ecosystems structure, function, and restoration success: Are they related? J. for Nature Conservation 14: 152-160.
  • Maestre, F. T., Cortina, J. and Vallejo, R., 2006. Are ecosystem composition, structure and functional status related to restoration success? A test from semiarid Mediterranean steppes. Restoration Ecology, 14, 258-266.
  • Millán, M.M., Estrela, M.J., Sanz, M.J., Mantilla, E., Martin, M., Pastor, F., Salvador, R., Vallejo, V.R., Alonso, L., Gangoiti, G., Ilardia, J.L., Navazo, M., Albizuri, A., Artiñano, B., Ciccioli, P., Kallos, G., Carvalho, R.A., Andrés, D., Hoff, A., Werharhn, J., Seufert, G. & Versino, B., 2005. Climatic feedbacks and desertification: The Mediterranean model. Journal of Climate, 18: 684-701.